Acculturation The process of psychosocial evolution by which a group or an individual of a given group assimilates the cultural values ​​of another national, ethnic, social, religious or linguistic group. The reverse is also possible, ie the population of a host country can integrate and adopt the values ​​of a minority group. (Canadian Race Relations Foundation)

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

Cultural literacy All the knowledge and skills necessary for the practice of intercultural skills. Cultural literacy aims to "... liberate people from the ways of reasoning and expression specific to their culture, so that they can relate to others and listen to their ideas through, sometimes, belonging. to one or more cultural systems, in particular when they are neither appreciated nor even recognized in a particular socio-political context. ” (UNESCO)

Otherness Term which describes that we are all other to all others. The term otherness is used to develop recognition and acceptance of the other with their differences, especially cultural ones. The recognition of otherness is a major stake in education for global citizenship. Working on the recognition and acceptance of otherness at school makes it possible to overcome fear of the other, the fear of what is different from one's own culture. Education in otherness also makes it possible to make students aware of the danger of an identity closed to human difference, hermetic and absolute, sometimes conveyed by sectarian or extremist movements in order to unite a small group in the face of all others, even against all the others. (Seeds of peace)

Formal learning / Formal education Teaching organized and delivered in school * and which is explicitly designated as learning (in terms of objectives, time or resources). Formal learning is intentional on the part of the learner; it generally leads to validation and certification. (UNESCO)

Non-formal learning / Non-formal education Teaching of a particular subject, inside or outside school, which is integrated into planned activities that are not explicitly designated as learning activities (in terms of goals, time or resources) but which has an important learning element. Non-formal learning is intentional on the part of the learner. (UNESCO)

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Informal learning / Informal education Learning that arises from activities of daily living related to work, family or leisure. It is neither organized nor structured (in terms of objectives, time or resources). Informal learning is mostly unintentional on the part of the learner. (UNESCO)

In addition to this, you will need to know more about it.

Intercultural approach This is based on respect for difference, openness to others, ethnocultural and religious diversity. It also takes into account the fact that the individual can remain himself while integrating, because the host society is multiethnic. This means that it is diverse both in terms of the ethnic composition of its population and in the fact that it accepts that there are several ways of being and doing. Moreover, Quebec society is both a society where there is a certain cultural convergence and a society which, while having foundations, is constantly evolving. (Government of Quebec)


Cultural appropriation The use of elements of one culture by a member of another (most dominant) culture without authorization, such as traditional knowledge, religious symbols, artefacts or any other unauthorized use of the practice or cultural ideology with a pecuniary end and where there is no proportional retribution. (PAAL Let's Share the World)


Assimilation Full adoption, by an individual or a group, of the culture, values ​​and behavior patterns of a group of different nationality, religion or language to the point of abandoning their own culture of origin. Can be voluntary or forced. (Canadian Race Relations Foundation)


Aboriginal Peoples A term used to refer collectively to the descendants of the First Nations of North America, namely Indians, Métis and Inuit. These are three distinct peoples, each with their own heritage, languages, cultural habits, spiritual beliefs, history and political goals.

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